Changing wafer size is a big deal. You can kiss all your old equipment good-bye and usher in a whole new suite. So what happens when you’re planning to use that wafer size for a new technology node? You really don’t want to have to have two sets of production equipment, one for each side of the wafer-size shift. But it would also be rough to develop a new wafer size at the same time as developing a new technology node. That’s risk upon risk.
I talked with Ludo Deferm at Semicon West, where 450-mm was all the rage. But this excitement is clearly about things yet to come: there’s not much equipment available yet; only one item – KLA-Tencor’s blank wafer metrology unit – has been announced. And that just ensures that you’re starting with a good blank wafer. The rest is yet to come.
And imec sees 14 nm being the starting node for 450 mm. But the 450-mm R&D facility that imec just got government help for isn’t going to be started until 2014 – you can do the math on when it’s likely to be up and running. So if we had to wait for that before we could develop 14-nm technology, we’d be a long ways away.
As it is, imec is doing 14-nm development work on 300-mm wafers – it’s just that that equipment won’t be used for production. It’s just to get the process itself up. Clearly it will take some freshening up on the new 450-mm equipment when it’s ready. By that time, they’ll already be developing the 10-nm node.
As a curious side fact, he noted that a 200-mm cleanroom is actually more expensive to build than the 450-mm facility. That’s because, back then, the whole room had to be clean. Now everything is sealed in FOUPs, so, while it’s probably not a good idea to be tracking mud into the room or smoking, the level of cleanliness in the room is actually less than it used to be. Inside the equipment, however, there’s little forgiveness for the slightest intruder.
More on the Flemish investment can be found here…