feature article
Subscribe Now

Renesas Goes Mainstream

New ARM-Based Processors are Not Like the Others

“You just won’t believe how vastly, hugely, mind-bogglingly big it is.” – Douglas Adams, The Hitchhiker’s Guide to the Galaxy

Renesas is a big company. As a big company, they make lots of different products, chief among them microcontrollers. By some accounts, Renesas is the biggest MCU maker of them all. And yet, most Renesas MCUs seem at bit… odd. 

Renesas is like Apple in a sense, in that they do things their own way. The company has its own in-house MCU architecture – several, in fact – and its own in-house development tools. Once you’ve bought into the Renesas ecosystem, you’re a happy and productive developer. But to outside eyes, it’s a world apart. A walled garden of semiconductor delights. 

Until now. Earlier this month the company opened a small door into that garden and invited in all the programmers, engineers, and developers who’d like to taste the company’s previously forbidden fruits without also abandoning their own practices, traditions, and procedures. In short, Renesas has gone mainstream and now produces ARM-based MCUs that use normal, third-party software and tools

The new chip family is called RA, and it comes in four price/performance levels: RA2, RA4, RA6, and RA8. All of them are based on the low-end Cortex-M processor core architecture. In typical Renesas fashion, the chips are available for purchase now, not at some distant point in the future. (Well, most of them are. The high-end RA8 chips are still a few months out.) Prices range from about $2.50 to $7-ish in large quantities.  

These aren’t the first ARM processors from Renesas, or even the first Cortex-M chips. The company already makes a gaggle of Cortex-A and -R devices under the R-Car and RZ brands, and its other Cortex-M devices are sold under the confusing Renesas Synergy name. That’s not even counting the company’s many proprietary MCU product lines, like the RX, RL78, V850, SuperH, M32R, M16C, R32C, and on and on… Hey, it’s a big company, and it inherited the MCU lines of Hitachi, NEC, and Mitsubishi. 

The entry-level RA2 devices use ARM’s Cortex-M23 core, while all three upper tiers rely on the Cortex-M4. Clock frequencies are mostly in the double digits, with RA6 devices eking out 120 MHz. The forthcoming dual-core RA8 devices should hit 200 MHz. Those are satisfactory numbers for low-cost microcontrollers, and on par with STMicroelectronics’s STM32F4 family or Microchip’s SAM4 products, both also based on Cortex-M4. Fact is, the M4 core just isn’t fast. The current record holder in the Cortex-M class is NXP’s upcoming RT1170 at a startling 1 GHz, although that’s really a Cortex-M7 with an M4 along for the wild ride. 

All the new and upcoming RA devices sport the usual assortment of MCU accoutrements, starting with flash memory (256KB to 2MB), SRAM (64KB to 1 MB), A/D and D/A, timers, USB, CAN, I2C, and capacitive touch sensing. Renesas also makes a big deal about the chips’ hardware security features, which are de rigueur for microcontrollers these days. The security block includes a true random-number generator (TRNG), secure key storage, hash and symmetric encryption acceleration, and, in some devices, expanded asymmetric acceleration. 

What they don’t have is ARM’s TrustZone security block, for the simple reason that ARM doesn’t offer TrustZone for Cortex-M4. TrustZone is compatible with the Cortex-M23 core inside the RA2 line, but Renesas chose to forego that option, thinking it wouldn’t be appropriate for a low-end MCU. Thus, only the RA8 products will get TrustZone. 

It’s possible that some RA8 chips might also include custom instructions, since that’s now a feature available to Cortex-M33 designers. However, ARM won’t start delivering customizable versions of its Cortex-M33 core to licensees until next year – about the same time the first RA8 chips are due – so it’s obviously too late for Renesas to include that feature in its first wave of devices. But future RA8s might come with some Renesas-only tweaks. 

For a company already awash in MCU product families, including a full range of ARM-based chips, the RA might seem a bit superfluous and unnecessary. What does the RA series add that the others don’t? It’s not the pricing, the processor, the process technology, or the performance. Those bases are all covered. It’s not even a unique target market; Renesas is aiming at industrial automation, metering, and appliances – just like its existing MCU families. What, then, is the point? 

Renesas says the RA moniker stands for “Renesas Advanced” but it might as well be called “really average.” But in a good way. Renesas MCUs have been un-average for a long time, and the RA family is a big step toward normalization. Instead of the walled garden, we have an open playground, a more welcoming environment for developers who’ve already invested in software and tool flows that didn’t originate inside Renesas. Now, developers can evaluate the company’s MCUs based on their inherent characteristics, on an equal footing with similar devices from ST, Microchip, TI, NXP, and others. It’s no longer a package deal; no more “Love me, love my dog.” Maybe RA really means Renesas Adapts. 

Leave a Reply

featured blogs
Dec 3, 2021
Believe it or not, I ran into John (he told me I could call him that) at a small café just a couple of evenings ago as I pen these words....
Dec 3, 2021
The annual Design Automation Conference (DAC) is coming up December 5th to 9th, next week. It is in-person in San Francisco's Moscone Center West. It will be available virtually from December... [[ Click on the title to access the full blog on the Cadence Community site...
Dec 1, 2021
We discuss semiconductor lithography and the importance of women in engineering with Mariya Braylovska, Director of R&D for Custom Design & Manufacturing. The post Q&A with Mariya Braylovska, R&D Director, on the Joy of Solving Technical Challenges with a...
Nov 8, 2021
Intel® FPGA Technology Day (IFTD) is a free four-day event that will be hosted virtually across the globe in North America, China, Japan, EMEA, and Asia Pacific from December 6-9, 2021. The theme of IFTD 2021 is 'Accelerating a Smart and Connected World.' This virtual event ...

featured video

Integrity 3D-IC: Industry’s First Fully Integrated 3D-IC Platform

Sponsored by Cadence Design Systems

3D stacking of ICs is emerging as a preferred solution for chip designers facing a slowdown in Moore’s Law and the rising costs of advanced nodes. However, chip stacking creates new complexities, with extra considerations required for the mechanical, electrical, and thermal aspects of the whole stacked system. Watch this video for an overview of Cadence® Integrity™ 3D-IC, a comprehensive platform for 3D planning, implementation, and system analysis, enabling system-driven PPA for multi-chiplet designs.

Click here for more information

featured paper

Utilizing the Benefits of Coupled Inductors

Sponsored by Analog Devices

In a multiphase design, coupled inductors offer many advantages compared to discrete inductors including current ripple cancellation, improved transient performance, higher inductor current saturation, smaller inductor size, output capacitance and improved overall efficiency performance. This application note highlights how the benefit of current ripple cancellation can be traded for either smaller size or higher efficiency, depending on design specifications.

Click to read more

featured chalk talk

Power Profiler II

Sponsored by Mouser Electronics and Nordic Semiconductor

If you are working on a low-power IoT design, you are going to face power issues that can get quite complicated. Addressing these issues earlier in your design process can save you a lot of time, effort, and frustration. In this episode of Chalk Talk, Amelia Dalton chats with Kristian Sæther from Nordic Semiconductor about the details of the new Nordic Power Profiler Kit II - including how it can measure actual current, help you configure the right design settings, and show you a visualized power profile for your next design.

Click here for more information about the Nordic Semiconductor Power Profiler Kit II (PPK2)