feature article
Subscribe Now

The PC Is Dead! Long Live the PC!

Microchip’s MEC1418 Keeps Old Interfaces Alive In New Ways

Yesterday I dusted off some old floppy disks – literally blew dust off of them – so that I could salvage their data while there was still time. Trouble was, I didn’t have a computer with a floppy drive. How to read the disks?

Ironically, the only reason I even had these old floppies lying around was because they were supposed to be my super-safe backups. Apparently sometime in the 1990s I figured that 3.5” floppy disks would be the eternal medium for safeguarding my most precious digital data, which evidently included saved games from Quake II and some 320×240 JPEGs from my first digital camera. Sheesh.

Rummaging through the clutter, I eventually found an old floppy drive unattached to any machine. I even located an appropriate ribbon cable. Next setback: my current computer’s motherboard doesn’t support a floppy controller. What? No floppy controller at all? What do you think this is – 2015?

That necessitated building a “new” old machine from a mothballed old motherboard that did support floppy drives, an old power supply with the correct connectors, an unused case, etc. About an hour later, my retro-90s PC booted (Windows XP, natch), and I once again heard the familiar grind-grind of disk-drive heads seeking back and forth. Ah, nostalgia.

Go ahead and make fun of me all you want, but backwards compatibility is a constant presence in our business. We happily obsolete our own devices at a steady pace, and sometimes we wind up pulling the rug out from under our own feet. QWERTY keyboards, TCP/IP stacks, DOS function calls, x86 compatibility – they’re all symptoms of old technology that just won’t die. Not because we haven’t developed better alternatives, but because we don’t like the better alternatives. Have you ever actually tried using one of those split, lumpy, ergonomically correct Dvorak keyboards?

There’s good business in retro-technology. Just ask any military contractor. Or Microchip, for that matter. The company that pushes out new and interesting microcontrollers almost weekly also keeps one eye on the rearview mirror, satisfying a sizable niche for backward compatibility. Case in point: the new MEC1400 family of controller chips.

You don’t often see “Microchip” and “x86” in the same sentence, much less the same datasheet. But the new MEC1400 parts combine the two very nicely. Allow me to quote directly from Microchip’s own product literature: “The MEC1400 family is a highly configurable, mixed-signal, advanced I/O controller architecture. MEC1418 incorporates a 32-bit MIPS32 M14K microcontroller core with 192 KB of closely coupled SRAM for code and data that loads from SPI flash. Designers can leverage the host SPI-flash (used for BIOS storage) for nonvolatile EC firmware storage, as a cost-effective system solution.”

So… what does this thing do, exactly? It’s a keyboard controller for PCs.

But wait – aren’t there already cheap keyboard controllers for PCs? Of course, but they – like most everything else about the PC – are based on older technologies and ad hoc pseudo-standards, all of which are getting long in the tooth and aren’t keeping pace with modern design. Most new/old PC peripheral controllers use the LPC (low pin count) bus to amalgamate controller functions, which is a lot better than the original way of doing things. But even LPC is looking a bit tired these days. Despite the name, LPC eats up a lot of pins if you’re trying to design a small device like a tablet, or even a decent laptop. It also uses 3.3V signaling, which is so 1990s. All the cool kids are using the newer eSPI (enhanced serial peripheral interface) now, don’tcha know?

The eSPI standard is Intel’s officially preferred way of replacing LPC peripherals. It uses fewer pins than LPC, it’s faster than LPC (up to 66 MHz), and it can run at either 3.3V or 1.8V. It supports both peripherals and memory, and it can even do 64-bit addressing if you’re clever. I can’t help pointing out that eSPI is both faster and more capable than the original ISA expansion bus on early PCs. You know, the one we used for memory and graphics cards.

Microchip’s new MEC1400 complements your PC-compatible chipset by providing the low-speed peripherals that any self-respecting PC needs: the keyboard, interrupt controller, UART, ACPI interfaces, DMA controller, counter/timers, PWM for fans, general-purpose I/O, and so on. What makes it special is that it does this either through the semi-old LPC interface or through the shiny-new eSPI interface, at either 3.3V or 1.8V. In short, it’s the modern way to add old peripherals. Like doing cave paintings with Adobe Illustrator.

There are six different chips in the MEC1400 series, depending on whether you want eSPI support or not, and how much SRAM you like. (There are packaging options, too, but I don’t count those.) Prices hover around $2, depending on the usual factors.

Oh, and did I mention that all six varieties are powered by their own on-chip MIPS CPU core? How’s that for a retro mind blower? Here we have the same 32-bit RISC processor that launched Silicon Graphics and MIPS Computer Systems; that famously rendered all the CGI in Jurassic Park; and that propelled the career of developer John Hennessy to the presidency of Stanford University. Yeah, that MIPS. Handling the keyboard interface for old PC clones.

But you know what the MEC1400 chips don’t have? A floppy interface.

 

9 thoughts on “The PC Is Dead! Long Live the PC!”

  1. Fun article; sometimes you don’t want to record input with 3 IR cameras and 4 voice-aware microphones just to

    Gigapixel images used to be a lot of work cataloging the disks. Nice job recovering info from 18yo. sources. Are you sure they don’t have a 9track package option in the Long Now Foundation 128 VTQFP options?

  2. Pingback: GVK BIO
  3. Pingback: www.cpns2016.com
  4. Pingback: DMPK Studies
  5. Pingback: jeux de friv
  6. Pingback: domino online

Leave a Reply

featured blogs
Apr 11, 2021
https://youtu.be/D29rGqkkf80 Made in "Hawaii" (camera Ziyue Zhang) Monday: Dynamic Duo 2: The Sequel Tuesday: Gall's Law and Big Ball of Mud Wednesday: Benedict Evans on Tech in 2021... [[ Click on the title to access the full blog on the Cadence Community sit...
Apr 8, 2021
We all know the widespread havoc that Covid-19 wreaked in 2020. While the electronics industry in general, and connectors in particular, took an initial hit, the industry rebounded in the second half of 2020 and is rolling into 2021. Travel came to an almost stand-still in 20...
Apr 7, 2021
We explore how EDA tools enable hyper-convergent IC designs, supporting the PPA and yield targets required by advanced 3DICs and SoCs used in AI and HPC. The post Why Hyper-Convergent Chip Designs Call for a New Approach to Circuit Simulation appeared first on From Silicon T...
Apr 5, 2021
Back in November 2019, just a few short months before we all began an enforced… The post Collaboration and innovation thrive on diversity appeared first on Design with Calibre....

featured video

Learn the basics of Hall Effect sensors

Sponsored by Texas Instruments

This video introduces Hall Effect, permanent magnets and various magnetic properties. It'll walk through the benefits of Hall Effect sensors, how Hall ICs compare to discrete Hall elements and the different types of Hall Effect sensors.

Click here for more information

featured paper

Understanding Functional Safety FIT Base Failure Rate Estimates per IEC 62380 and SN 29500

Sponsored by Texas Instruments

Functional safety standards such as IEC 61508 and ISO 26262 require semiconductor device manufacturers to address both systematic and random hardware failures. Base failure rates (BFR) quantify the intrinsic reliability of the semiconductor component while operating under normal environmental conditions. Download our white paper which focuses on two widely accepted techniques to estimate the BFR for semiconductor components; estimates per IEC Technical Report 62380 and SN 29500 respectively.

Click here to download the whitepaper

featured chalk talk

TDK Magnetic Sheets For EMI and NFC Applications

Sponsored by Mouser Electronics and TDK

Today’s dense, complex designs can be extremely challenging from an EMI perspective. Re-designs of PCBs to eliminate problems can be expensive and time consuming, and a manufacturing solution can be preferable. In this episode of Chalk Talk, Amelia Dalton chats with Chris Burket of TDX about Flexield noise suppression sheets, which may be just what your design needs to get EMI under control.

Click here for more information about TDK Flexield Noise Suppression Sheets