feature article
Subscribe Now

Andes Processor Keeps a Low Profile

Taiwanese CPU Company is Happy to Keep Cool, Cash Checks

You know that feeling when you discover a great little restaurant that nobody else knows about? Or listen to a terrific band that’s flying under the radar?

That’s how the designers of a few hundred million SoCs must feel. They’ve discovered the Andes, a small 32-bit microprocessor core that sits in the middle of a burgeoning array of small-scale electronic devices. Once known only to the Asian cognoscenti, Andes is going global, including a push into the United States. Who knows – Andes may even be seen in South America before long.

With 50+ licensees and 300+ million units to its name, Andes is no small player in the embedded-processor market. It’s just very low key. The Taiwan-based firm has over 100 employees, with its key CPU designers working out of Sunnyvale, in the heart of Silicon Valley. The vast majority of those licensees are fellow Asian companies, producing a wide range of consumer electronics, wireless headsets, storage controllers, and the myriad other bits of hardware that propel our industry.

Like most other CPU-licensing companies – ARM, MIPS, and ARC come to mind – Andes offers a range of CPU cores, from high end to low end, intended to suit a range of customer requirements. In Andes’s case, the high-end devices don’t compete in quite the same league as, say, ARM’s Cortex-A57 or Imagination’s MIPS64 – we’re not talking that high end. Instead, the top-range Andes N13 stretches to reach 1 GHz in 40nm silicon, so it’s roughly comparable to an ARM11 or a midrange 32-bit MIPS core.

It’s at the opposite end of the spectrum that Andes has been most successful: very low-end CPU cores. Andes’s bread and butter is the N7, a dead-simple 32-bit CPU core design that aims to be small and cheap. Just the thing for Bluetooth headsets and the like. Its simple two-stage pipeline is about as elementary and unpretentious as you can get, yet it still delivers good integer performance. On the CoreMark benchmark, Andes says the N7 can crank out 2.62 CoreMark/MHz (the EEMBC website says 2.29), which is slightly better than an ARM Cortex-A8 or a Freescale Kinetis K70-series part. On the other hand, the Andes core was puttering along at just 30 MHz, while the others were well into triple-digit clock speeds. But if low and slow is your thing, Andes has a small and efficient way to get there.

How does the Andes instruction set compare to its rivals’ ISAs? Who knows? Andes doesn’t publish a detailed programmers’ reference manual, and most SoC designers don’t care, anyway. Suffice to say it gets the job done; you just won’t find a lot of third-party application software written specifically for Andes.

Having said that, the company has done a good job of corralling middleware and RTOS choices for the N7 and its stablemates. In addition to a Linux kernel, you have commercial options like ThreadX, Nucleus, uC/OS, and FreeRTOS. Not a bad collection for a processor most Western engineers have never heard of.

There’s also the obligatory Eclipse-based IDE, which Andes calls AndeSight. With a complete instruction-set simulator (ISS) and RTOS awareness, it’s clear that Andes isn’t new to the game. Currently, Andes’s own C/C++ compiler is the only option.

Andes, like ARC, appeals to designers of deeply embedded systems-on-chip: products that don’t need a lot of third-party software or broad support from commercial tools. They need a silicon engine to make their gizmo go, and the internals of that engine are somebody else’s problem. Among Andes’s clientele, performance is not much of an issue, but small die size and low power consumption are. They’re not looking for the latest in trendy processor technology (is there such a thing?); they just want a tool to get the job done. And Andes is standing by with tools in hand. You know what they say: Once you go Black & Decker, you never go back.  

11 thoughts on “Andes Processor Keeps a Low Profile”

  1. Pingback: car crash usa
  2. Pingback: jeux de friv
  3. Pingback: insulation
  4. Pingback: well trained dog
  5. Pingback: DMPK Services

Leave a Reply

featured blogs
May 19, 2022
The current challenge in custom/mixed-signal design is to have a fast and silicon-accurate methodology. In this blog series, we are exploring the Custom IC Design Flow and Methodology stages. This... ...
May 19, 2022
Learn about the AI chip design breakthroughs and case studies discussed at SNUG Silicon Valley 2022, including autonomous PPA optimization using DSO.ai. The post Key Highlights from SNUG 2022: AI Is Fast Forwarding Chip Design appeared first on From Silicon To Software....
May 12, 2022
By Shelly Stalnaker Every year, the editors of Elektronik in Germany compile a list of the most interesting and innovative… ...
Apr 29, 2022
What do you do if someone starts waving furiously at you, seemingly delighted to see you, but you fear they are being overenthusiastic?...

featured video

Increasing Semiconductor Predictability in an Unpredictable World

Sponsored by Synopsys

SLM presents significant value-driven opportunities for assessing the reliability and resilience of silicon devices, from data gathered during design, manufacture, test, and in-field. Silicon data driven analytics provide new actionable insights to address the challenges posed to large scale silicon designs.

Learn More

featured paper

Introducing new dynamic features for exterior automotive lights with DLP® technology

Sponsored by Texas Instruments

Exterior lighting, primarily used to illuminate ground areas near the vehicle door, can now be transformed into a projection system used for both vehicle communication and unique styling features. A small lighting module that utilizes automotive-grade digital micromirror devices, such as the DLP2021-Q1 or DLP3021-Q1, can display an endless number of patterns in any color imaginable as well as communicate warnings and alerts to drivers and other vehicles.

Click to read more

featured chalk talk

Small Form Factor Industry Standards for Embedded Computing

Sponsored by Mouser Electronics and Samtec

Trends in today’s embedded computing designs including smart sensors, autonomous vehicles, and edge computing are making embedded computing industry standards more important than ever before. In this episode of Chalk Talk, Amelia Dalton chats with Matthew Burns from Samtec about how standards organizations like PC104, PICMG and VITA s are encouraging innovation in today’s embedded designs, how Samtec supports each one of these standards organizations and how you can utilize Samtec’s high performance interconnects for your next small-form factor embedded computing designs.

Click here for more information about Samtec Industry Standards Solution